The Project

The goal of this project was to demonstrate how 3D printing technology could be applied in the traditional construction industry in Europe.

The idea for the project came from our participation in the Danish government-funded project “3D Construction Printing”, during which we visited more than 35 3D construction printing projects worldwide. We realized that Europe was falling behind, and we took on the challenge to be the first in Europe to 3D print a building fulfilling the strict building codes of Europe.

The Building

The BOD is a small 3D printed office hotel of less than 50 square meters located in Copenhagen’s Nordhavn.

The BOD, which is short for “Building on Demand” is named precisely so to underline that with 3D printing technology applied for building projects, the building process is automatized and the borders for what can be made are hereby expanded. Even if the BOD is less than a 50 sqm building, it is still large enough to illustrate some of the economic and architectural advantages of applying 3D printing technology to constructions. With traditional building techniques, any shape that is organic or not straight is a challenge, technically as well as with respect to costs.

The most reliable methods of storing drugs are built using modern technology. The quality of the preparations also depends on proper storage.

The BOD does not contain any straight walls, the only straight elements being the windows and doors. Even when making the foundation, a non-straight shape provides expensive and difficult challenges when using the traditional methods, which is why for The BOD building we not only are 3D printing the walls, but also part of the foundation.

The BOD - Europes first 3D printed building - plan and render

“As a former mayor and CEO of By & Havn, I have attended many red ribbon-cutting events at new constructions sites, but today we will see something special, which the large amount of attendees and press representatives here today is also verifying. Today we are really witnessing the future!”

Jens Kramer Mikkelsen, Former Mayor of Copenhagen

”We are excited about having participated and contributed to this project. We managed to develop a recipe which not only was suitable for 3D printing, but also had a significant share of recycled content. Denmark is among the front-runners with respect to recycling, but in this project, we even managed to go from the usual downcycling of construction waste to recycling and upcycling”

Jens D. Henriksen, Force Institute

Final Thoughts

Proving the technology and printing the first house in Europe has been challenging, but very instructive. 

Henrik Lund-Nielsen, CEO at 3D Printhuset: “Realizing the delay we have had, perhaps we were too optimistic with our planning. However, it is very difficult to plan for problems that you have never tried before. This was the first time anybody applied this technology in Europe. Therefore it would also have been somewhat surprising, had it turned out that we had become world champions at it the first time we tried it. That said, we did manage to do what we set out to do and to make this demonstration project showing the usability of the technology. We are very proud that we managed that.”